[11] The description serves a theological function to show how the promise of the land was realized in the biblical narrative; its origins are unclear, but the descriptions may reflect geographical relations among the places named.[12]:5. The Book of Joshua was written for the purpose of providing generations to come with the history of Israel’s conquest of the Promised Land. [19][20]:4 The apparent setting of Joshua is the 13th century BCE[20] which was a time of widespread city-destruction, but with a few exceptions (Hazor, Lachish) the destroyed cities are not the ones the Bible associates with Joshua, and the ones it does associate with him show little or no sign of even being occupied at the time. 2. The land then "had rest from war" (Joshua 11:23, repeated at 14:15). Here are just a few of them. [3] The archaeological evidence shows that Jericho and Ai were not occupied in the Near Eastern Late Bronze Age. Today’s article will cover the Book of Jasher, another book in the Apocrypha. [4]:10–11, I. Perhaps Joshua and/or the priests Eleazar and Phinehas. For example, Michael Prior criticizes the use of the campaign in Joshua to favor "colonial enterprises" (in general, not only Zionism) and have been interpreted as validating ethnic cleansing. [23]:20, The Deuteronomistic history draws parallels in proper leadership between Moses, Joshua and Josiah. It tells of the campaigns of the Israelites in central, southern and northern Canaan, the destruction of their enemies, and the division of the land among the Twelve Tribes, framed by two set-piece speeches, the first by God commanding the conquest of the land, and, a… This idea is supported by several facts discovered by scholars examining the text. And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God; and he took a great stone, and set it up there under the oak that was by the sanctuary of the LORD. [7] To avoid repeating failed attempts by Moses to have notable men of Israel predict the success rate of entry into Canaan mentioned in the book of Numbers, Joshua tasks two regular men with entering Jericho as spies. [38] But in Joshua Israel is obedient, Joshua is faithful, and God fulfills his promise and gives them the land. And Joshua took the stone knives with which he had circumcised the children of Israel, which were in the way in the wilderness, and he placed them in Tamnath Sarach.[13]. The book was probably revised and completed after the fall of Jerusalem to the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 586 BCE, and possibly after the return from the Babylonian exile in 538 BCE. Dr. Thomas Petter Well, the question about who wrote the book of Joshua and the traditional answer tying the story of Joshua to Joshua … It is not clear who wrote the book, although most of the Jewish tradition believe it was Joshua, son of Nun. Archaeological evidence in the 1930s showed that the city of Ai, an early target for conquest in the putative Joshua account, had existed and been destroyed, but in the 22nd century BCE. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. [10] Joshua 14:1 also makes reference to the role of Eleazar the priest (ahead of Joshua) in the distribution process. What is the rose of Sharon in Song of Solomon? This idea is supported by several facts discovered by scholars examining the text. Joshua's two final addresses challenge the Israel of the future (the readers of the story) to obey the most important command of all, to worship Yahweh and no other gods. After conquering the region the Israelites divided it into 12 sections for the 12 different tribes of the Israelites. [46] David Ben-Gurion saw in the war narrative of Joshua an ideal basis for a unifying national myth for his new State of Israel, framed against a common enemy, the Arabs. 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