In ancient Greece the chief magistrate in various Greek city states was called eponymous archon (ἐπώνυμος ἄρχων, epōnymos archōn). "Archon" (ἄρχων, pl. After 457 BC ex-archons were automatically enrolled as life members of the Areopagus, though that assembly was no longer extremely important politically. The polemarch or strategoi, basileus, and thesmothetai (the six assistants to the archons) are also listed, where known. J.D.Grainger, The League of the Aitolians (1999), Athens   - By, Henry-Fines Clinton. Antigonus Gonatas imposes a new regime on Athens. Background. Unless otherwise noted, archons from 8/7 BC to AD 165/6 are taken from Samuel, Identified with a member of the Thracian Royal house based on IG II. 35, 36), while Samuels leans towards the inverted order (. "Archons of Athens", p. 88 n. 26, Osborne, "Archons of Athens", p. 90 n. 29. Find all the transport options for your trip from Athens to Delphi right here. -The lovers Harmodius and Aristogeiton were Athenian heroes whose act of daring in 514 BC opened the way for Athenian democracy. These archons can be assigned to an approximate period, but not to an exact year. Journal of Pausanias (VIII.39.3) dates the capture of, The Parian Marble associates Dropides with the, Committee of 10 men serves jointly as archons, The Parian Marble dates the first performance of. [9], In 753 BC the perpetual archonship by the Eupatridae[21] was limited to 10 years (the "decennial archons"):[22]. This list will help you decide what things to do in Athens during your time there – no matter how long your visit is. Cleisthenes of Athens, Cleisthenes also spelled Clisthenes, (born c. 570 bce —died c. 508), statesman regarded as the founder of Athenian democracy, serving as chief archon (highest magistrate) of Athens (525–524). northwest of Athens Olympia - in a valley in Elis, in the western Peloponnese Major Islands of Greece Greece has thousands of islands and more than 200 are inhabited. Per one surviving fragment of the Athenian Archon list. with Copious Notes and Appendices, Illustrating the History and Geography of Herodotus, from the Most Recent Sources of Information; and Embodying the Chief Results, Historical and Ethnographical, which Have Been Obtained in the Progress of Cuneiform and Hieroglyphical Discovery, Volume 3. – Entrance fees to the Delphi site It was keeping alive the memory of its "founding fathers", legendary kings of old, from Cecrops down to Theseus and Codrus, the last of them. On the first official day of the Mysteries, the Archon Basileus summoned the people to the Agora (marketplace) of Athens and, in the presence of the Hierophant and the Dadouchos, read a proclamation calling forth the initiates. The Eponymous Archons of Athens There were nine Archons, ἄρχοντες, árkhontes (singular ἄρχων, árkhôn, "ruler, regent, commander"), in the classic constitution at … Alan Samuel is doubtful this archon existed, claiming this is based on Eustathius' misunderstanding his source, which provides the date Pindar died, not when he was born. One of the men credited with creating radical democracy in Athens, Ephialtes, was instrumental in removing much of the power the aristocratic archons held. After 683 BC the offices were held for only a single year, and the year was named after the archon eponymous. Delphi was also considered the centre of the world, for in Greek mythology Zeus released two eagles, one to the east an… These positions were filled from the aristocracy (the Eupatridae) by elections every ten years. From the late 8th century BC there were three archons: the archon eponymos, the polemarchos (replaced in 501 BC by ten strategoi), and the archon basileus (the ceremonial vestige of the Athenian monarchy). 85, 88), Merrit disagrees, placing Sostratos here and providing a primary source; Osborne provides no supporting evidence for Aeschron here. Delphi’s Guide to Athens is a free-to-access, child-friendly section of the website which can be used for history, philosophy and more! 91 ) * Syll_737 Delphi honours Antipatros of Eleutherna ( 94/3 ) Syll_738 Delphi honours Polygnota of Thebes ( ? Archons whose names occur more than once are flagged with an asterisk.   [ the sections relevant to this table are F - p.22 , G - p.33 , H - p.40 , K - p.43 and L - p.49 ]. 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