The outcome was a decision by the 14th International Botanical Congress in 1987 that Amaryllis L. should be a conserved name (i.e. Find Amaryllis bulbs and gifts at White Flower Farm. 2001. Amaryllis are the Art and Soul of Winter. For an effective, eye-catching outdoor ensemble, group them together in threes. Faded blooms may be snipped off at the pedicels (“small stems”) from the top of the (main) stem; leave the main stem uninjured for photosynthesis to continue. It reproduces slowly by either bulb division or seeds and has gradually naturalized from plantings in urban and suburban areas throughout the lower elevations and coastal areas in much of the West Coast of the USA since these environments mimic their native South African habitat. These beautiful trumpet-shaped flowers provide color and elegance to the home and best of all, it is so much fun watching them grow. It gets this name because its flowers are carried on a (sometimes two) naked stem(s) that has no leaves. Amaryllis are the Art and Soul of Winter. The bulb is then dormant until late summer. Seeds are compressed-globose, white to pink. [9][10], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used differently. Southern Hemisphere Amaryllis Our southern hemisphere varieties originate from both S. Africa and Peru. Amaryllis normally flower around Christmas time in South Africa. Hybrids said to be between Amaryllis belladonna and Brunsvigia josephinae have been called × Amarygia. The plant we commonly call amaryllis actually comes from the genus Hippeastrum – the same family of plants as daffodils and snowdrops – and is a native of South America. In more open sandy areas of the Western Cape, the plant flowers annually. Nothing says Christmas like the spectacular trumpet flowers of an amaryllis bulb. Style is declinate, stigma is three-lobed. The better known of the two, Amaryllis belladonna, is a native of the Western Cape region of South Africa, particularly the rocky southwest area between the Olifants River Valley and Knysna. Grown in the southern hemisphere, these Amaryllis are more eager to pop out of dormancy than those grown in the Netherlands in the northern hemisphere. Amaryllis is Greek feminine and is named after a beautiful shepherdess. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as "ready to bloom for the holidays" belong to the allied genus Hippeastrum. You can care for amaryllis flowers in garden beds or in household pots, planting in spring or fall. Each bulb produces one or two leafless, stout, persistent and erect stems 30–60 cm tall, each of which bears at the top a cluster of two to twelve zygomorphic, funnel-shaped flowers without a tube. Amaryllis belladonna is native to South Africa, but it has naturalized along the California coastline. Named selections come in reds, pinks, white, salmon, near-orange; some are variously marked and striped. The amaryllis originated in South America's tropical regions and has the botanical name Hippeastrum. Floor Barnhoorn - Founder. The Amaryllis plant, or Hippeastrum, is a tropical flower that is native to South Africa. To get your bulbs to flower earlier or later you should adjust the procedure accordingly. This is one of numerous genera with the common name "lily" due to their flower shape and growth habit. It is also commonly called the Jersey Lily or Naked-Lady lily. [citation needed], A. belladonna has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [18] Neither hybrid genus name is accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The family Amaryllidaceae forms a large group of over sixty genera, which are mainly centred in the southern Africa with smaller distributions in Andean South America. In addition, the hybrids often produce flowers in a fuller circle rather than the "side-facing" habit of the "old-fashioned" pink. South African growers and retailers should make use of the site www.hadeco.co.za For the Northern Hemisphere, we offer a range of suitable bulbs, in particular, Amaryllis, Ranunculus, Eucomis, Sparaxis, Polianthus, Ornithogalum, Ixias, as well as other bulbs suited to cut flower production, and retail sales. [2] For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name "amaryllis" is mainly used for cultivars of the genus Hippeastrum, widely sold in the winter months for their ability to bloom indoors. Of all flowering bulbs, Amaryllis are amongst the easiest and most rewarding to grow and flower – whether indoors or out. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. are from South Africa. Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) grown in South Africa where their autumn is our spring, these hippeastrums, if planted in November, should be raring to go and be in bloom for Christmas! Alan W. Meerow et al. White Flower Farm • 1-800-503-9624, Blackmore & Langdon Begonias & Delphiniums, Customer-Favorite Annual Container Designs, All Preplanned Gardens & Plant Collections, Discounted Gift Certificates Available Now, Add a $50 Gift Card to Your Bouquet or Gift Set for Just $25. [5], The single genus is in subtribe Amaryllidinae, in the tribe Amaryllideae. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum spp) are flowering bulbs that are native to South Africa. It is definitely a plant that thrives on neglect. Each flower is 6–10 cm (2.4–3.9 in) diameter with six spreading tepals (three outer sepals, three inner petals, with similar appearance to each other). The better known of the two, Amaryllis belladonna, is a native of the Western Cape region of South Africa, particularly the rocky southwest area between the Olifants River Valley and Knysna. South Africa grows some of the best Amaryllis in the world. Stamens are very shortly connate basally, declinate, unequal. Subscribe to enjoy gardening advice, email offers & more, Keep up with White Flower Farm on Social Media. It is a small genus of flowering bulbs, with two species. These bulbs are harvested a bit earlier and therefore offer a shorter period from planting to bloom- typically about five weeks if soil temperatures are kept consistently warm. White Flower Farm® is a registered trademark of White Flower Farm, Inc. Most amaryllis bulbs sold to the consumer are greater than eight inches (20 cm) in circumference and are either Dutch, South African, or Israeli-grown. correct regardless of priority) and ultimately based on a specimen of the South African Amaryllis belladonna from the Clifford Herbarium at the Natural History Museum in London. The amaryllis comes in many beautiful varieties including various shades of red, white, pink, salmon and orange. The large flowers and ease with which they can be brought to bloom make amaryllis popular and in demand worldwide. Grown in the southern hemisphere, these Amaryllis are more eager to pop out of dormancy than those grown in the Netherlands in the northern hemisphere. The leaves are produced in the autumn or early spring in warm climates depending on the onset of rain and eventually die down by late spring. Amaryllidinae are placed within Amaryllideae as follow: These are phylogenetically related as follows: The name Amaryllis is taken from a shepherdess in Virgil's pastoral Eclogues, (from the Greek ἀμαρύσσω (amarysso), meaning "to sparkle") and also from "Amarella" for the bitterness of the bulb. The plant's main parasite is the lily borer[13] Brithys crini and/or Diaphone eumela. This area is known for its abundance and diversity of flora, and the Amaryllis belladonna is an elegant addition to the gorgeous landscapes that adorn the countryside. The trumpet-shaped blooms grow up to six inches across, and several flowers often appear in succession. Native to the tropics and subtropics. The key question is whether Linnaeus's type was a South African plant or a South American plant. To Peru and South Africa Types: an Identification Guide '', also by GreenMind guides to. The Southern Hemisphere amaryllis our Southern Hemisphere varieties originate from both S. 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