A crane was fitted on either side of the after funnel and the rear gunnery, navigation and control positions were relocated to the hangar roof. This determined the need for a long hull and the use of four twin-gun turrets, with any remaining displacement invested in protection. The Tu 95 and the improved Tupolev Tu-142 were demanding targets for a missile like Seaslug; the long-range Soviet turboprop aircraft flew at an altitude of 7.5 mi (40,000 ft; 12,100 m), at 572 mph (921 km/h)[24] and were barely within the engagement capability of Seaslug. In an attempt to extract more ships from the treaty limits, the navy planned to construct 8,250-ton "B" ships; six of which could be built in place of five Counties. This allowed four quadruple 2-pounder mounts and their directors and four single 40 mm Bofors guns to be added. During the war, UP rocket launchers were initially added, but they were later removed along with the Vickers guns. Her helicopter, a Westland Wessex HAS Mk 3 (nicknamed "Humphrey") was responsible for the rescue of 16 Special Air Service operators from Fortuna Glacier and the subsequent detection and disabling of the Argentinian submarine Santa Fe. HMSO. [citation needed]. One ship, Shropshire, retained her "X" Turret as well as her torpedo armament and was transferred to the Royal Australian Navy in early 1943 to replace Canberra. Kent would serve as a floating (though immobile) accommodation and training ship in Portsmouth harbour until 1996. Churchill & Australia(2008)p529-30. The initial design left little weight to distribute amongst protection, particularly in light of the fastidiousness of the designers to stick to the letter of the treaty. It was suggested by Vosper Thornycroft that the Counties could have been developed for the anti-submarine role by replacing the Seaslug system with a larger hangar and flight deck and the possibility of removing Seaslug and rebuilding the missile tunnel as storage for extra Westland Lynx helicopters. The County-class was ordered in 1978 as part of the general rebuilding of the conventional Royal Navy. [46] Short-range air defence was provided by the GWS-22 Seacat anti-aircraft missile system, which made the Counties the first Royal Navy warships to be armed with two different types of guided missile. These were replaced by the altogether more useful 20 mm Oerlikon gun. The class was designed as a hybrid cruiser-destroyer, with a much larger displacement -similar to that of the Dido-class cruiser - than its predecessor, the Daring class. Cost of recently completed major refits for County-class destroyers. As a result cracks and loose rivets began to appear on the upper deck. Macmillan. The missiles were stowed horizontally in a long unarmoured magazine which was sited above the waterline and took up a great deal of internal space. Final, late 1958 revisions to the design[18] were to adopt a high flush deck from B turret, increasing internal space, the cancellation of the nuclear-tipped Seaslug, and provision for folding fins for the Seaslug, all allowing storage of 20 extra missile bodies in tubular form for rapid assembly. County class Cruiser. ADWAS command and control system could process and prioritise air targets detected by the 965 and 992 radar and other so fitted RN warships. [2] These restrictions posed new engineering challenges and forced compromises upon designers[1] in how to extract the best balance of speed, armament and protection. Three of the class were lost; with Canberra being hit by naval gunfire at the Battle of Savo Island then scuttled by an American destroyer, and Cornwall and Dorsetshire both bombed and sunk by Japanese carrier borne aircraft during the Indian Ocean raid. The final four County-class ships, with hull numbers 07 to 10, were delayed in 1960 while an anti-submarine escort carrier was considered. A 3.5 inch (89 mm) belt, 8 ft (2.4 m) deep, was added abreast the machinery spaces, extending up to the armoured deck. Such ships, with a limit of 10,000 tons standard displacement and 8-inch calibre main guns may be referred to as "treaty cruisers" (the term "heavy cruiser" was not defined until the London Naval Treaty of 1930[1]). They were the first post-war cruiser construction for the Royal Navy and were designed within the limits of the Washington Naval Conference of 1922. However, the RAN instead decided to proceed with the Perth class (a modified version of the US Charles F. Adams class). 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