The Kirov-class battle cruiser is a class of nuclear-powered warship of the Russian Navy, the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships (i.e. These were the first large ships built by the Soviets from the keel up after the Russian Civil War, and they were derived from the Italian cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli, being designed with … Off-loading her fuel and ammunition to reduce her draft, she passed through the shallow Moon Sound Channel (between Muhu island and the Estonian mainland) with great difficulty, and managed to reach Tallinn by the end of June. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. Sevmash has been overhauling the warship since 1999. The Russian nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser ADMIRAL USHAKOV, left, still bearing its original name, KIROV, on the gangplank, and the guided missile cruiser MARSHAL USTINOV stand moored to a pier during a port call by two American ships. Kirov (Russian: Киров, IPA: [ˈkʲirəf]) was a Project 26 Kirov-class cruiser of the Soviet Navy that served during the Winter War, World War II and into the Cold War. She was laid down on 27 March 1974, at the Baltiysky Naval Shipyard in Leningrad, launched on 26 December 1977, and commissioned on 30 December 1980, part of Soviet Northern Fleet. One of them, the Pyotr Veliky, is still in active service as the flagship of the Northern Fleet. Its largest radar antenna is mounted on its foremast and called "Top Pair" by NATO. Although commissioned as a missile cruiser, Kirov's size and weapons complement have given her the unofficial designation of a battlecruiser throughout much of the world. Jahrhunderts. [4], By 1944 Kirov exchanged her 45 mm (1.8 in) guns for ten fully automatic 37-millimeter (1.5 in) 70-K AA guns with a thousand rounds per gun, two extra DK machine guns and one Lend-Lease quadruple Vickers .50 machine gun MK III mount. Kirov is also capable of high speeds, and accelerates fairly well. [3], Kirov lacked any radar when war broke out in 1941, but by 1944 was equipped with British Lend-Lease models. Innerhalb der NATO werden sie als Schlachtkreuzer klassifiziert, auch wenn sie ganz anderen Einsatzerfordernissen dienen als die historischen Schlachtkreuzer zu Beginn des 20. Afterwards, she was placed in reserve. [2], Kirov carried nine 180-millimeter (7.1 in) 57-caliber B-1-P guns in three electrically powered MK-3-180 triple turrets. [6], During the Winter War, Kirov, escorted by the destroyers Smetlivyi and Stremitel'nyi, attempted to bombard Finnish coast defense guns at Russarö, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of Hanko on 30 November. 12,234 posts. Russian Cruisers ; Ship Preview -- VMF Kirov Sign in to follow this . While expensive, about half the cost of a new Project 68bis Sverdlov-class cruiser, it was deemed a success and allowed Kirov to serve for another two decades. [8], Kirov was damaged by a German magnetic mine while leaving Kronstadt on 17 October 1945 and was under repair until 20 December 1946. [2] During the deployment, she suffered a reactor malfunction. She led the Evacuation of Tallinn at the end of August 1941, before being blockaded in Leningrad where she could only provide gunfire support during the Siege of Leningrad. [7] This plan was halted when the Russian navy planned to bring her back to service. The T10 Russian cruiser uses 220mm guns that do not really benefit much from this particular skill. She attempted to bombard Finnish coast defense guns during action in the Winter War, but was driven off by a number of near misses that damaged her. The fate of the Russian Navy’s Kirov class nuclear-powered cruisers is a hot topic on military forums around the world. In September 2004, it was revealed that the Severodvinsk-based Design Bureau Onega had been tasked with developing the dismantlement project for the cruiser, currently moored at the Severodvinsk Zvezdochka plant. However, that is where the similarities end; Russian destroyers excel at long- to mid-range gunnery wher… Das Projekt 1144 Orlan Weißkopfseeadler, westliche Bezeichnung Kirow-Klasse umfasst die größten zurzeit aktiven Kriegsschiffe der Russischen Marine und der Welt, die keine Flugzeugträger oder Hubschrauberträger sind. [3] Six 533-millimeter (21.0 in) 39-Yu torpedo tubes were fitted in two triple mountings. It joined the Navy on December 30, 1988 as the Kalinin. Orlan-class cruisers of project 1144 are a symbol of the Soviet Navy and a good example of protracted design and specification of technical projects. She supported minelaying sorties by Soviet destroyers in the western half of the Irben Strait on the evenings of 24–25 and 26–27 June. However, these qualities come at a price. She bombarded Finnish positions during the Vyborg–Petrozavods… [5] This now seems unlikely and Zvezdochka shipyard CEO Vladimir Nikitin foresees dangers removing the spent nuclear fuel from the vessel's two reactors, it having never been moved or changed in 34 years. When she appeared for the first time in 1981, NATO observers called her BALCOM I (Baltic Combatant I). All of her radars were replaced with Soviet systems: Rif surface search, Gyuys air search, Zalp surface gunnery and Yakor' anti-aircraft gunnery radars. Although the Kirov Class battle cruisers are impressive warships, much of their original technology is … Kirov is the lead ship of the Kirov class of nuclear-powered missile cruisers. The Russian Northern Fleet’s missile cruiser Pyotr Veliky (Kirov-class) on its way to St. Petersburg. Cookie-Einstellungen . [6][8], In April 2019, Russia decided to scrap and recycle the Admiral Ushakov in 2021. [2][3], For political reasons, Kirov was renamed Admiral Ushakov after the 18th-century admiral Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov in 1992, but subsequent photos suggest that it has since reverted to its original name. The appearance of the Kirov class was a significant factor in the U.S. Navy recommissioning the Iowa class. Russia built four Kirov class nuclear-powered cruisers in 1974-1998. She remained there for the rest of the Winter War and afterwards was under repair at Kronstadt from October 1940 to 21 May 1941. Russian Cruiser Admiral Ushakov (ex-Kirov) / 1:350. [2] Her secondary armament consisted of six single 100-millimeter (3.9 in) 56-caliber B-34 anti-aircraft guns fitted on each side of the rear funnel. She was damaged by a number of German air and artillery attacks, most seriously on 4–5 April 1942 when she was hit by three bombs and one 15-centimeter (5.9 in) shell that damaged all six 100 mm AA guns, the aft funnel, the mainmast, and killed 86 sailors and wounded 46. In the case of the Kirov, it will become a Premium ship and if you have her in your port at the moment of the split, you will basically get a free Tier V Premium cruiser. Russian destroyersare an oddity; they frequently feel as if they have the powerful, fast-firing guns of their American counterparts mounted in the arduously slow-turning turrets of the Japanese destroyer line. There is no doubt that Russia’s Kirov class super-sized nuclear cruisers are charismatic fighting machines. But don’t get too excited. [7] For most of the rest of the war she was blockaded in Leningrad and Kronstadt by Axis minefields and could only provide gunfire support for the defenders during the Siege of Leningrad. Ship Preview -- VMF Kirov. [5], Kirov was laid down at the Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad on 22 October 1935. WoWS Community Contributors. The Kirov-class cruisers were a class of six cruisers built in the late 1930s for the Soviet Navy. At the time, the plan was to modify and reactivate all of the Kirov battlecruisers by 2020. It is similar in displacement to a World War I battleship. She was commissioned into the Baltic Fleet in the autumn of 1938, but was still being worked on into early 1939. When Kirov was decommissioned, two gun turrets were installed in Saint Petersburg as a monument. Admiral Nakhimov (Russian: Адмирал Нахимов) is the third battlecruiser of the Russian Navy's Kirov class.The ship was originally commissioned into service with the Soviet Navy in the 1980s, known back then as Kalinin (Калинин), a name the ship kept until 1992. One Type 291 was used for air search. Russian Navy Kirov-class Cruiser Admiral Nakhimov Back in the Water The upgraded Kirov-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" (Project 11442M) left the pool of Sevmash Shipyard and berthed at the embankment for systems fitting out, the enterprise said on 18 August. The lead ship, Kirov (renamed Admiral Ushakov in 1992 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union) was laid down in June 1973 at Leningrad's Baltiysky Naval Shipyard, launched on December 27, 1977 and commissioned on December 30, 1980. While Admiral Nakhimov could serve for decades to come alongside sister ship Petr Velikiy, the Russian navy reportedly has decided to dismantle two other laid-up Kirov-class cruisers. These B-1-P guns fired a 97.55-kilogram (215.1 lb) shell at 900–920 m/s (3,000–3,000 ft/s) muzzle velocity. Her secondary armament was upgraded with electrically powered, fully automated 100 mm B-34USM mountings and her fire-control system was replaced with a Zenit-26 system with SPN-500 stabilized directors. This is a rather light secondary battery, but they are versatile due to their clear angles of fire and ammunition selection. She may have been cannibalized as a spare-parts cache for the other ships in her class. Classified originally as Antisubmarine Aircraft-Carrying Cruisers, since 1977 (most part of their career) – to Heavy Aircraft-carrying Cruisers, … Her light AA guns consisted of six semi-automatic 45-millimeter (1.8 in) 21-K AA guns and four DK 12.7-millimeter (0.50 in) machine guns. The Kirov has a secondary armament of 6x 100 mm/56 (3.9") B-34 Pattern 1940 cannons arranged evenly on either side of the after smoke funnel. [1] She was named after a Project 26 cruiser (named after Sergey Kirov, a Bolshevik hero). Since the main line will be the light cruisers with, starting from tier V, calibers going from 152 mm to 180 mm, the Kirov and Moskva will be removed from it. The Kirov-class cruiser Admiral Nakhimov, known as the Kalinin until 1992, was commissioned in 1989 and mothballed in 1999. Kirov provided gunfire support during the defense of Tallinn and served as the flagship of the evacuation fleet from Tallinn to Leningrad at the end of August 1941. [5] However, in 2012 it was reported that Admiral Ushakov and Admiral Lazarev would not be overhauled due to being in a state of "beyond repair".[6]. Finnish Navy picture. Her first long voyage was in 1984 to the Mediterranean Sea. She participated in fleet maneuvers in the North Sea during January 1956. When she appeared for the first time in 1981, NATO observers called her BALCOM I (Baltic Combatant I).Kirov suffered a reactor accident in 1990 while serving in the Mediterranean Sea. Repairs were never carried out, due to lack of funds and the changing political situation in the Soviet Union. [4], Kirov was completely overhauled from 1949 to 1953. The Kirov class, Soviet designation Project 1144 Orlan (), is a class of nuclear-powered guided missile cruisers of the Soviet Navy and Russian Navy, the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships (i.e. Recommended Posts. [5], Based near Riga at the time of the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, Kirov was trapped in the Gulf of Riga by the rapid enemy advance. [5] After Leningrad was liberated in early 1944, Kirov remained there, and took no further part in the war except to provide gunfire support for the Soviet Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive in mid–1944. One Type 284 and two Type 285 radars were for main battery fire control, while anti-aircraft fire control was provided by two Type 282 radars. Repairs took two months during which her catapult was removed; a lighter pole mainmast was fitted and her anti-aircraft armament increased. Admiral Nakhimov is the third battlecruiser of the Russian Navy's Kirov class. You need to play a total of 10 battles to post in this section. This ship had an armament of missiles and guns as well as electronics. [5], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Soviet_cruiser_Kirov&oldid=984467655, World War II cruisers of the Soviet Union, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3,750 nmi (6,940 km; 4,320 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), 7,890 tonnes (7,765 long tons) (standard), 9,436 tonnes (9,287 long tons) (full load), This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 07:12. Xavier Vavasseur 20 Aug 2020 These guns have access to the ZS-56 HE-DF shel… Introduce. Die Schiffe der Kir… She was launched on 30 November 1936 and was completed on 26 September 1938. It is similar in displacement to a World War I battleship. Prev; 1; 2; Next; Page 1 of 2 . Heavy cruiser's second and final long voyage happened between December 1, 1989 - February 17, 1990 in the Mediterranean Sea. The Admiral Nakhimov Orlan-class cruiser was laid on May 17, 1983 by the Baltic Shipyard and floated on April 25, 1986. Kirov suffered a reactor accident in 1990 while serving in the Mediterranean Sea. [9], http://nvo.ng.ru/armament/2009-09-25/8_kreiser.html, "Project 1144.2 Orlan Kirov class Guided Missile Cruiser (Nuclear Powered)", "Russian Navy modernizes nuclear-powered cruiser Admiral Nakhimov", "Only one nuclear cruiser to be modernized", "Project 1144.2 Orlan - Kirov class - Guided Missile Cruiser (Nuclear Powered) - class article", "Shipyard director fears radiation accident", "Russia decides to scrap its legendary nuclear-powered battlecruisers to save money", Detailed service history at Michael Holm's site, List of battlecruisers of Russia and the Soviet Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Russian_battlecruiser_Kirov&oldid=991259403, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 76 mm plating around reactor compartment, light splinter protection, 2-shaft CONAS, Nuclear propulsion with steam turbine boost. Originally built for the Soviet Navy, it was one of the biggest and most important surface combatants of the Russian Navy. The cruiser was renamed in 1992. She displaced 7,890 tonnes (7,765 long tons) at standard load and 9,436 tonnes (9,287 long tons) at full load. During its upgrade, the cruiser will be armed with the Kalibr cruise missile system and S-400 surface to air missiles (48N6DM AAGM). For T9 and below ships, my take on the captain skills is as follows All of her light AA guns were replaced with nine twin gun water-cooled 37 mm V-11 mounts. Provision for each gun was 100 rounds, so 900 total and even … Play War Thunder for FREE! Among modern warships, they are second in size only to large aircraft carriers, and of … Followers 1. Four cruisers were built but only Admiral Nakhimov (commissioned in 1988) and Pyotr Velikhiy (commissioned in 1995) remain active. First, Kirov is very much a glass cannon, with poor armor even for a Tier V cruiser. She was reclassified as a training cruiser, regularly visiting Poland and East Germany, on 2 August 1961 and sold for scrap on 22 February 1974. Kiev (Project 1143) class (3 units). Range was 38,000 m (42,000 yd). The Kirov Class provides the capability to engage large surface ships and to defend the fleet against air and submarine attack. Kirov was 191.3 metres (627 ft 7 in) long, had a beam of 17.66 metres (57 ft 11 in) and had a draft between 5.75 to 6.15 metres (18 ft 10 in to 20 ft 2 in). Battleship kirov. She bombarded Finnish positions during the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive in mid-1944, but played no further part in the war. [3][4], In 2010, the Russian navy again announced new plans for an overhaul of the cruiser. Kirov's main weapons are 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) missiles mounted on deck, designed to engage large surface targets, and air defense is provided for with 12 S-300F (SA-N-6) launchers with 96 missiles, two Osa-M (SA-N-4 Gecko) with 40 missiles and the Kashtan CIWS air-defence missile/gun system. T5-T9 russian cruisers have 152mm or 180mm guns which will benefit a great deal from the IFHE skill. Register using https://wt.link/DefenseUpdates and get a premium tank or aircraft and thee days of premium account time. The Admiral Nakhimov was due for modernization. Other weapons are the automatic 130 mm AK-130 gun system, 30 mm AK-630, 10 torpedo/missile tubes, Udav-1 (SS-N-14 Silex) with 40 anti-submarine missiles and the two RBU-1000 six-tube launchers. Das Stadtgebiet von Kirow ist verwaltungstechnisch in vier Bezirke (Rajons) gegliedert, außerdem sind der Stadtverwaltung acht ländliche Bezirke mit insgesamt 135 Ortschaften unterstellt. 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